The Space facts - The Interesting Facts about Space

The facts of space or Solar System, our good old Solar System is actually a pretty bizarre place, what with all its out-of-this-world phenomena that we humans haven't managed to explain yet!

There are rumours that a gigantic, undiscovered planet is hiding behind Neptune, volcanoes on Pluto spew ice, and a colossal canyon on Mars can accommodate the whole US territory and most of Cleveland!

Well, let's figure out if it's true by talking about the most mystifying facts about space.

The Space facts - The Interesting Facts about Space

The facts about the space or solar system:

The Solar System is 4.6 billion years old, very old, it’s a Senior Solar System. And scientists believe it will last another 5 billion years before our sun turns into a red giant. Scientists came to this conclusion after they studied the oldest material, they managed to get a hold of - and by that, I mean meteorites, of course.

What is Supernova?

This is one of the most interesting facts about space, these stars often explode as a Supernova. The most powerful explosion in the universe. The original universe consisted solely of hydrogen and helium. Every other element on the periodic table and every single thing you see around you today was formed in the heart of exploding stars.

That's because when a star goes supernova it releases huge amounts of energy and neutrons, which produces heavier elements. The carbon in your body and the gold in the jewellery you wear were all made from exploding stars!

About Venus:

This is one of the funny facts about space, you won't be able to wear a hat on Venus, ever. And if we try just to stand on your feet, we can’t. Because the planet is insanely windy - its upper winds blow 50 times faster than the planet rotates. These fierce winds never stop and can even get stronger with time!

Venus's atmosphere is so dense, that parachutes are only necessary to slow down. The Soviet Union's Venera 9 released its parachutes at an atmospheric height of 31 miles (50km) and landed at a speed of only 15 mph (7 m/s).

If you want to getaway?

You'll have to travel 11 billion miles away from Earth before even leaving the Solar System. Take your Google maps with you.

The hottest planet in our solar system is not Mercury as most would assume, but Venus. Due to runaway global warming, Venus' temperature is an incredible 863 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius).

Pluto is smaller in diameter than the United States.

As you may remember, Pluto used to be a planet but was stripped of this title in 2006. Later, it was reclassified as a dwarf planet. And the most unexpected fact about this celestial body is that its diameter is smaller than that of the U.S.!

See for yourself: the greatest distance across the country (from Maine to Northern California) is about 2,800 miles. As for Pluto, it's only 1,473 miles across. In fact, if you laid Pluto right down in the middle of the United States, you’d crush the heck out of Iowa, Kansas, and Nebraska.

Volcanoes on Earth are as different from those on Pluto as fire and ice. I mean, while we have volcanoes spilling lava on our planet, the volcanoes on Pluto spit ice. This is one of the amazing facts about space. When frozen, water expands, and this enormous pressure builds up until one day - bang! – the ice erupts. In the process, a new cryovolcano gets formed.

There’s another weird fact about Pluto, or rather, about its atmosphere. First, it rises way higher above the surface of the dwarf planet. Then, for example, the Earth's atmosphere. What's more, the atmosphere on Pluto has more than 20 layers, and all of them are super cold and very condensed.

The Planet Uranus:

This is one of the unique facts about space, you can’t win, either way, rotates on its side, and astronomers have no idea why the planet has chosen such an unusual position. The culprits could be ancient mega-powerful collisions; but so far, it's just a theory. By the way, this is the only planet laying on its side.

The Neptune planet:

Behind the orbit of Neptune, lies the mysterious Kuiper Belt, filled with massive icy objects. The most curious thing about this space formation, though, is that scientists can’t explain the pattern of its movement.

The only explanation they have is that Neptune might be hiding a ginormous planet from our sight. This hypothetical planet has already got the name Planet Nine, and all we have to do is wait until its existence is confirmed or not.

The Mercury is 100 times denser than the one we have on Earth:

Since Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun, many people simply assume that it's also the hottest. And that's where they get it wrong because, in fact, Venus (which is about 30 million miles further from the Sun than Mercury) is way hotter!. This is the unknown fact about space. more interesting facts is the hottest planet?

The thing is that Venus has an incredibly thick atmosphere, which is 100 times denser than the one we have on Earth. On top of that, this atmosphere consists almost entirely of carbon dioxide, also known as a greenhouse gas. These factors make the temperatures on the planet rise to a staggering 875 degrees F, which is hot enough to melt lead. As for Mercury, its maximum temperatures reach only 800 degrees F.

The Red Giants:

Red Giants are really old stars that form when stars 10 times the mass of our sun runs out of hydrogen in its core. As it collapses the hydrogen in the outer shells begin the process of fusion, and the entire star begins fusing hydrogen all at once. They will burn through all their fuel in just a few million years.

Unlike the billions, it takes our sun- and shining 100,000 times brighter than our sun. Red Giant Betelgeuse, 1000 times larger than our sun, is a cosmic neighbour and expected to go supernova in the next 1,000 years.

The Milky Way Galaxy:

The Space facts - The Interesting Facts about Space

Our Solar System isn't the only one in the Milky Way Galaxy. Far from it, the galaxy we live in houses about 100 billion solar systems. The width of our Milky Way galaxy according to NASA is about 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilometers, or 621371192237333888 miles- or in astronomical terms: 100,000 light-years. A light-year is the distance light travels in one year, or 5.88 trillion miles (9.5 trillion km). This is one of the interesting facts of space that we learned in our childhood days.

The Jupiter planet:

The Space facts - The Interesting Facts about Space

On the surface of Jupiter, there’s a weird region that's called the Great Red Spot. Recently, astronomers have concluded that this spot is actually a storm that’s been raging on the planet for centuries. But some 20 years ago, scientists noticed that the red region started to shrink. Nowadays, it's just half the size it used to be. And still, the spot is one and a half times bigger than Earth. This is also one of the most interesting facts about space.

The ocean on Jupiter is larger than any other on the rest of the Solar System's planets. But wait, it’s not the type of ocean you’re thinking about. The one on Jupiter isn't made of water. This mesmerizing thing consists of metallic hydrogen, and its depth is a staggering 25,000 miles, which is almost the same as the circumference of the Earth!

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Jupiter's moon, Lo, exists in never-ending chaos due to hundreds of smoking volcanoes on its surface. You'll see the smoke from these volcanoes billowing up high into Lo's atmosphere. The most enormous volcano in the whole Solar System (at least, that we know of) is on Mars!

Many scientists think that without Jupiter life on earth would be impossible. That's because the giant of our solar system exerts such a strong gravity. And it pulls in many comets and asteroids that might have impacted on Earth. Jupiter is like our personal bodyguard!

Saturn's beautiful rings:

This is one of the beautiful facts about space is, One of Saturn's moons, Lapetus. It has a unique color, it's two-toned. One of its hemispheres is light, and the other is eerily dark. Scientists haven't figured out this mystery yet.

People came to know about Saturn's beautiful rings in the 1600s. But only recently, it became apparent that Saturn isn't the only ringed planet. All the giant gas planets: Uranus, Neptune, and Jupiter, have rings of their own, but they’re thin and almost impossible to see. As for Mars, Venus, and Earth: they’re made of rocky materials and have no rings whatsoever. This is one of the most unique facts about space.

About the Sun:

We live inside the Sun. No, I don't mean that we're the inhabitants of the red-hot ball of light approximately 93 million miles away. The thing is that the Sun's atmosphere stretches far beyond its visible surface. And our planet is right within its reach. In fact, it’s the gusts of solar wind that create the breath-taking phenomenon known as the Northern and Southern lights.

Our Sun is insanely massive, Want some proof?

Well, 99.86% of all the mass in the Solar System is the mass of the Sun. Particularly, it's made of the hydrogen and helium. And the remaining 0.14% is mostly the mass of the Solar System's eight planets. Our sun is 300,000 times larger than the earth, but in the universe, it's a lightweight.

The Sun's atmosphere is hotter than the surface of the star. While on the surface, the temperatures reach 10,000 degrees F, the upper atmosphere heats up to millions of degrees. Scientists suspect that explosive bursts of heat from the sun might have something to do with this unique phenomenon. Another fact about the sun is, not only does the earth rotate as it orbits the sun. This is one of the surprising facts about space that the sun itself also rotates at a rate of once every 25-35 days.

Black Hole & White Hole:

The first theory positing the existence of black holes was from an English clergyman named John Michell in November 1784. He even correctly noted that these features would not be visible to the naked eye, but that they could be detected by their gravitational effects on other bodies.

Despite proving through General Relativity that black holes could form, Einstein himself did not believe they could form in the natural world. It wouldn't be until 1972 that Cygnus X-1 became the first observed black hole, taking them from the realm of theory to the realm of reality. In 2002 astronomers presented evidence that a supermassive black hole lurks at the center of our Milky Way.

In 2012 Suvi Gezari and his team published the first visual evidence of a black hole. Using the Pan-STARRS 1 telescope in Hawaii. They photographed a supermassive black hole 2.7 million light-years away swallowing a red giant.

In 2015 gravity waves from the merging of a pair of black holes into one were detected. The violence of their merging created a ripple through space-time that was detectable here on Earth millions of light-years away. Not only did general relativity predict that black holes were possible, but it also predicted that white holes could also be possible.

The polar opposite of a black hole, a white hole is a region of space-time where matter cannot enter. A growing theory suggests that white holes are the opposite ends of black holes and that our own Big Bang was a supermassive white hole that existed for fractions of a second.

About the Earth:

Here on Earth, you can stumble across a rock that's arrived from Mars. After scientists analyzed the chemical content of some meteorites found in the Sahara Desert, Antarctica, and other places on our planet. A meteorite discovered in Antarctica was found to originate from Mars. And after careful examination, some scientists believe it shows fossilized evidence of microscopic organisms-giving serious credibility to the Panspermia theory. They came to the shocking conclusion that they have a Martian origin.

Largest Volcano on Mars:

The biggest volcano in the solar system well everything seems to be calm on Mars Nowadays. But, In the past some sort of force caused enormous volcanoes to form in erupt one of these volcanoes is Olympus Mons. It is 16 miles tall which is the height of 3 Mount Everest. Sand 374 miles across making it about the size of Arizona the volcano Groot is such a gargantuan size because of the weak gravity on Mars and the lack of tectonic plate movement.

This is one of the most confusing facts about space. That, you've probably heard of methane gas, a by-product of natural processes, such as volcanic activity. Anyway, this gas is not only a part of the Martian atmosphere but also the thing that confuses astronomers to no end!

The thing is that the volume of methane on Mars keeps wavering. And scientists just can't figure out where it might be coming from?

The Space facts - The Interesting Facts about Space

Hubble Space Telescope:

Until 1923 scientists thought that the entire universe was just our milky way. Until astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that the astronomical feature known as Andromeda. A fuzzy spot in the night sky was actually an entire other galaxies. Then, Overnight the size of the universe was effectively doubled!

Hubble made his discovery from the Hooker telescope, built atop a mountain in California. It was the first mountain top telescope in the world and at the time, an incredible feat of engineering. It is used to measure the distance between galaxies in space. And astronomers use Cepheids, or stars that periodically dim and brighten. Henrietta Leavitt discovered that by monitoring the time it took these stars to dim and brighten. You could calculate how far away they were.

Leavitt's discovery of how to calculate distance based on the cycling of Cepheid stars allowed. Hubble to prove that Andromeda was located outside the Milky Way, and was thus its own galaxy.

Hubble scanned Andromeda for nights on end looking for Cepheid stars, until finally discovering one in October 1923. After monitoring it for a week, he used Leavitt's formula and determined it was indeed located outside the Milky Way.

In 2011 the Hubble Space Telescope captured a picture of that star, called “Variable Number One”- or V1. It has been called “the most important star in the history of cosmology.”

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